The Bravest Girl In Sharpsburg



I’m often asked where my interest in the American Civil War comes from. I grew up in Maryland, so I had lots of opportunities to visit Civil War battlefields. Since Maryland was a border state, I also had plenty of opportunities to consider the experiences of people on both sides of the conflict. And in addition to learning about the soldiers’ lives, I always tried to imagine what it was like for civilians who found themselves in the midst of fighting.
Pry House

I wandered over the Antietam National Battlefield for years, always wondering what happened at the historic homes still standing. This is the Pry Farm. (Antietam National Battlefield photo)

I spent about ten years collecting stories about the civilians who lived in Western Maryland during the Civil War. All that research eventually led to my only nonfiction book, Too Afraid to Cry:  Maryland Civilians in the Antietam Campaign. Several of the stories I discovered involved young people and would, I thought, make great novels. I was particularly fascinated by what I learned about Teresa Kretzer and Savilla Miller.

These two young women were both from big, established German-American families in Sharpsburg. They grew up on the same block in a small village.  And yet, when the war came, their politics and loyalties were different. The Kretzers supported the Union; the Millers, the Confederacy. And both Savilla and Teresa took risks while actively supporting their beliefs.

After I decided to fictionalize their stories, I dug into more detailed research. Teresa is remembered for hanging a huge American flag over Main Street, much to the consternation of her Secessionist neighbors. When the Southern army arrived she saved the flag from destruction by hiding it in the smokehouse. Several people  left accounts of Teresa and her flag, and Teresa was interviewed as well.

civilians at Kretzer home

Teresa described the long day she and many of her neighbors enduring in the Kretzer cellar during the Battle of Antietam. (Period sketch by Frank Schell)

Then the project came to a halt. I knew much less about Savilla. A young Maryland officer serving with Stonewall Jackson left a wonderful description of Savilla standing on her front steps while Confederate soldiers retreated through Sharpsburg, dispensing water amidst falling shells. But I had nothing else.

Then something…well, interesting happened. I made one final research trip to Western Maryland, without turning up anything new about the Miller family. My last stop was the Antietam National Battlefield—just to say hi, since I had long since worked through their archives. As I was getting ready to leave, I mentioned to one of the historians my frustration about the lack of more detailed information about Savilla Miller and her family.

“Well,” he said, “a collection of letters from the family was just donated to us. Want to see them?” As I recall now, someone had found the letters at a garage sale years earlier, and had always intended to donate them to the National Battlefield. The donation didn’t happen until right before I gave up on finding personal insights about the family.

The letters gave me shivers, particularly one that I think was written by Savilla. It talked about how the war had made old friends feel like enemies—the theme I wanted to explore in my novel.

Unfortunately, Savilla Miller’s house is no longer standing. It was torn down years ago, and replaced with a gas station. The postcard below provides only a hint of what the street looked like before the Miller home was demolished. The big stone house on the right is the Kretzer House. Beyond it is the large side yard, then a frame house…and beyond that, you can just see the edge of another stone house. That was the Miller house. These two families, with such differing points of view during the Civil War, lived very close to each other.

Sharpsburg street Kretzer

The Kretzer House is still standing, on Main Street in Sharpsburg.  It is a private home, but if you visit Sharpsburg, you can stand on the sidewalk and imagine Teresa hanging her flag from her bedroom window. The smokehouse where she hid the flag is visible from the sidewalk.


The smokehouse is the small white building behind the fence.

Historical photographs provide a good sense of what Sharpsburg looked like during the Civil War years. It was a rural village, with rutted dirt roads; a place where many people kept cows and chickens in their back lots, and tended big gardens.

LC Sharpsburg street 09

If you want to learn more about what civilians experienced during the Battle of Antietam Creek—or The Battle of Sharpsburg, as the Confederates called it—try Too Afraid to Cry. And if you have the opportunity to visit the Antietam National Battlefield, be sure to stop in Sharpsburg, too. Take a walk down Main Street. Look for the still-visible signs of shell damage on some of the old homes. And try to imagine yourself back to the war years in this small border town.

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10 Responses to “The Bravest Girl In Sharpsburg”

  1. Kathleen White Says:

    Another excellent history lesson. One wonders why one home survived and the other was destroyed when they looked so similar. Odd! Imagine living now in one of those historic homes, if only the wall could talk… I think someone wanted you to write this book; those letters appeared just in time!

    • Kathleen Ernst Says:

      Kathleen, every time I see the gas station I wince, wishing that home hadn’t been torn down. As for discovering the letters… I must admit I felt as if I’d just gotten a nod from the universe. I’ve had a couple of experiences like that.

  2. Ruth Says:

    Dan and I would love to add this book to our collection.

  3. marabird Says:

    Today I was thinking I want to be a author, a blogger, and to work at a place in New Mexico called Los Golondrinas which is like Old World Wisconsin. I then said to myself “I am pretty sure Kathleen Ernst is my role model and you are.”

    • Kathleen Ernst Says:

      Mara, what a lovely comment! I’m honored. We obviously do have a lot in common. Including Los Golondrinas! I visited it while working on a Josefina mystery, Secrets in the Hills. It’s a special place, and you’d be a perfect fit to work there!

  4. Elizabeth Johnson Says:

    I love how “ordinary” people can end up having such extraordinary stories!

  5. Les Says:

    Kathleen – I happen to come across your Blog here and found it outstanding to read. Being a person who has visited some of the Civil War Sites, I find that Antietam, Gettysburg, and Sharpsburg are my favorites. Just this past Summer, I made a 3.5 hr. trip to Antietam and Sharpsburg. It’s a bit of a long drive for me, so by the time I arrived I was on the tired side. Have been to Antietam before, but never into Sharpsburg. Took the time to go into Sharpsburg and drive thru the Historic Town. Didn’t find anything Historical and it was getting late in the day, I headed home. Little did I know that the Town is just full of History that you can still see to this day. I was dumb-founded that I missed it like that. Much of the old buildings I just never paid attention to. So much I missed! I am also reading the book called “Ghosts of Sharpsburg” which is quite interesting to read. However, what I’m kinda wondering is if all those Ghost stories are true? I will return to Sharpsburg this coming Spring and spend a whole lot more time there with my Nikon camera. Cheers, Les Barr

    • Kathleen Ernst Says:

      Hi Les – thanks for stopping by! I’m glad you’re enjoying the blog–and especially that you had a chance to visit Antietam and Sharpsburg. Growing up in Maryland, the Civil War sites in Frederick and Washington Counties were favorites to explore. After moving to Wisconsin I kept in touch by working on what eventually became my nonfiction book “Too Afraid To Cry: Maryland Civilians in the Antietam Campaign.” I don’t get back to Maryland as often as I’d like, but still enjoy wandering over the battlefield and through Sharpsburg when I can. I love the old buildings. As for the ghosts, who can say? I’ve never had a ghostly experience at Antietam or Sharpsburg, but given what happened there, I wouldn’t be surprised if some form of energy lingered. Anyway, have a good trip in the spring!

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