THE STORY BEHIND THE STORY
After I started writing for American Girl, I always hoped that my editor would invite me to write a Kirsten book. The story of European immigrants moving to the Upper Midwest is very close to my heart.
In the spring of 1982, I moved to Wisconsin to take a job at a large historic site called Old World Wisconsin. This outdoor ethnic museum helps visitors gain insight into the lives of many ethnic groups which began settling here in the mid-1800s.
Old World Wisconsin does not have any Swedish buildings, but a lot of the experiences I had there helped me appreciate Kirsten’s story. The photograph above shows me knitting in the doorway of the 1845 Fossebrekke cabin, home to Norwegian immigrants. I loved helping visitors imagine the challenges and rewards of leaving Europe and making a new home. So I went into the Kirsten project with a fair amount of knowledge about European immigrants coming from Scandinavia to the Upper Midwest.
I needed to focus in on Swedish immigrants to Minnesota in the 1850s. I began at the Minnesota Historical Society in St. Paul. The Society houses a museum, library, and archives (and a very nice cafe!) under one roof.
I looked at exhibits, read old books and magazines, and studied old newspapers preserved on microfilm. My best find was a huge collection of unpublished reminiscences about the pioneer era. A lot of the details in The Runaway Friend came from those accounts.
I also visited the American Swedish Institute in Minneapolis. The museum located in this beautiful old mansion documents the Swedish-American community through photographs, diaries, and immigrant artifacts.
It was also important to visit the area where the first Swedish settlements in Minnesota were founded. Kirsten’s family, arriving as they did in 1854, would have been among the earliest Swedish families to settle here. I went in search of clues that might help me imagine her life!
The Chisago Lakes area, home to many of the early Swedish immigrants to Minnesota, is a short drive northeast of the Twin Cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis. Historical signs and markers helped me locate significant locations, such as Taylors Falls.
Scandia was the site of the first Swedish settlement in Minnesota. In 1850, the first log cabin was built there, on the shores of Hay Lake. I knew I needed to visit Scandia!
I headed first to the local museum. “Gammelgården” means “Old Farm” in Swedish. Here visitors can step back in history and experience the lives of early Swedish immigrants in the only open air museum devoted to Swedish immigration in the United States.
I had the chance to see a number of artifacts. What can you learn by looking at these objects?
One of the guides kindly took a moment to show me this old sleigh.
A number of old buildings have been moved to Gammelgården. On the day I was there, children were participating in the museum’s “Coming to Amerika” program.
The next town I visited was Lindstrom, “America’s Little Sweden.” I found lots of clues to Lindstrom’s cultural heritage just by walking down the main street!
A famous statue of a Swedish immigrant couple is in Lindstrom.
This statue depicts Karl Oskar and his wife Kristina, fictional characters in a famous novel called The Emigrants, by Wilhelm Moberg. Karl Oskar is looking ahead to the future. Kristina, always homesick for Sweden, is looking back over her shoulder.
Before leaving the area I visited Glader Cemetery. It was moving to read some of the gravestones. They told stories of real people who had lost loved ones, often children. I can’t imagine how they must have felt. The cemetery is on a beautiful spot, overlooking a lake, and I hope the natural beauty provided a little solace to those who buried family members there.
My last stop was at nearby Center City. According to this sign, a Lutheran church was founded here in 1854. That tells me that faith was important to many of the early arrivals.
The original church—log, no doubt—was replaced in 1882 by a brick structure.
A memorial, with Swedish and English text, celebrates the church’s heritage.
The first Swedes to settle in Minnesota arrived over one hundred and fifty years ago! Still, it wasn’t hard to find evidence that helped me imagine their experience. I hope The Runaway Friend helps you imagine that time, too.